82.4 million people worldwide, of whom 26.4 million are refugees and about half are minors, have been forced to flee due to wars, violence and persecution according to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. 73% of those who flee remain close to their country of origin and only 14% are hosted in developed countries. However, in 2020, new asylum applications decreased by a third compared to the same period in 2019. At the height of the first wave of the pandemic, in April, 168 countries closed their borders completely or partially. 90 countries have made no exceptions for asylum seekers while 111 countries have found solutions to guarantee the right of asylum by adopting measures to contain the spread of the virus. The Foundation has always continued to welcome, protect and integrate refugees during the pandemic.
The wealth of the top 1,000 billionaires returned to pre-pandemic state in just 9 months, while the recovery could take decades for the world's poorest. The increase in the wealth of the 10 richest billionaires since the start of the crisis would be more than enough to prevent anyone on the planet from falling into poverty for covid-19 and would pay for a covid-19 vaccine for everyone according to a report Oxfam of 2021. Action must be taken to change this system which generates an unsustainable concentration of resources to prevent devastating conflicts from arising. For this the Foundation collaborates with the Nobel Peace Prize Professor Muhammad Yunus to spread the model of social business.
In 2021, one of the three hottest years ever recorded according to the World Meteorological Organization, over 40 million new internal migrations occurred in 149 countries and territories, and more than 30 million of these were due to extreme weather events such as hurricanes, floods and fires as reported by the Norwegian refugee council. Over the coming decades, climate change will increasingly become the main factor determining the need to migrate. For this reason, the Foundation has adopted the goals for sustainable development defined in the United Nations 2030 agenda by creating environmentally friendly projects such as the House for Peace or Trees for Peace.
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